TOLAND, JOHN°

TOLAND, JOHN°
TOLAND, JOHN° (1670–1722), Irish-born deist, active in the theological and political controversies in England at the beginning of the 18th century. Toland was born in County Donegal, supposedly the illegitimate son of a Roman Catholic priest. At the age of 16 he rejected Catholicism, became a Presbyterian, and studied at Scottish universities. A friend of John Locke, he eventually became a Deist and, later, a Pantheist. Among his many publications was Reasons for Naturalising the Jews in Great Britain and Ireland on the Same Footing with All Other Nations (anonymously published in London in 1714, reprinted 1939). This was not as has frequently been stated a plea for the naturalization of the Jews, but for facilitating the naturalization of foreign-born Jews and thereby attracting them to England. The economic and philosophic arguments that Toland used to demonstrate the utility of the Jews to the country showed a tolerance in advance of his day. Toland also translated into English The Agreement of the Customs of the East Indians with Those of the Jews (London, 1705). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Dubnow, Weltgesch, 7 (1928), 520–3; Roth, Mag Bib, 213, 380; Wiener, in: HUCA, 16 (1941), 215–42; A. Cohen, Anglo-Jewish Scrapbook (1943), 336–7; J. Toland, Gruende fuer die Einbuergerung der Juden in Grossbritannien und Irland, ed. and tr. by H. Mainusch (Eng. and Ger., 1965), incl. bibl.; Barzilay, in: JSS, 21 (1969), 75–81. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online; S.H. Daniel, John Toland: His Methods, Manners, and Mind (1984); R.E. Sullivan, John Toland and the Deist Controversy (1982); Katz, England, 234–36. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toland, John — (1670–1722)    Theologian.    Toland was born in Ireland of Roman Catholic parents, but he converted to Protestantism at the age of sixteen. He was educated in Glasgow and Leyden. His first book, Christianity not Mysterious, in which he argued… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Toland, John — ▪ British author born Nov. 30, 1670, County Donegal, Ire. died March 11, 1722, Putney, near London, Eng.       controversial Irish born British freethinker whose rationalist philosophy forced church historians to seriously consider questions… …   Universalium

  • Toland, John Willard — ▪ 2005       American historian (b. June 29, 1912, La Crosse, Wis. d. Jan. 4, 2004, Danbury, Conn.), wrote several best selling historical books about World War II. After having served in the Army Air Corps during that war, Toland became a… …   Universalium

  • TOLAND, JOHN —    political and deistical writer, born in Derry, of Catholic parents; abandoned the Catholic faith; studied at Leyden and Oxford; his first work, Christianity not Mysterious, which created a great stir, and was burned in Ireland by the common… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • TOLAND, John — (1670 1722)    Irish writer whose book Christianity Not Mysterious (1696) is generally regarded as the classic statement of DEISM. He coined the term PANTHEISM to describe SPINOZA S view that GOD and can be identified with NATURE …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Toland, John — (1670? 1722)    Deistical writer, b. in Ireland of Roman Catholic parentage, completed his education at Glasgow, Edin., and Leyden. Very early in life he had become a Protestant, and at Leyden he studied theology with the view of becoming a… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Toland (Philosoph) — John Toland (* 30. November 1670 in Inishowen, Irland; † 11. März 1722 in Putney bei London) war ein irischer Freidenker der Aufklärung. Als Sohn katholischer Eltern konvertierte Toland 1687 zum Protestantismus. Er studierte in Glasgow, Edinburgh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Toland — John Toland. John Toland (Inishowen, Irlanda, 30 de noviembre de 1670 Londres, 11 de marzo de 1722) fue un filósofo racionalista y librepensador. Educado en las universidades de Glasgow, Edimburgo, Leiden y Oxfo …   Wikipedia Español

  • John toland (libre-penseur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Toland. John Toland (30 novembre 1670 11 mars 1722) fut un philosophe irlandais. Il fut la première personne à être qualifiée de libre penseur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John toland (historien) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Toland. John Toland (1912 2004) était un historien américain. Il est connu pour un des tout premiers ouvrages sur la guerre du Pacifique et pour sa biographie d Adolf Hitler. Publications (en)Adolf… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”